Kingyuan

From WikiSwire
Jump to: navigation, search

Sister of the ship "Kweiyang II" & "Kalgan II"

Kingyuan
ID /IMO No.1146160.
Type Cargo/passenger.
Gross Registered Tonnage 2,653 grt. 1,546 nett.
Builder Scotts Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Greenock. Yard No.508.
Delivery date Oct 21st.1921
Hull Steel, clincher construction.
Decks 2.
Length 310.0 ft. F'c'sle 43.0 ft. Bridge 86.0 ft. Poop 23.0 ft.
Width 44.0 ft.
Depth 20.9 ft.
Passengers 1st. class 8. tween deck 18.
Engine Builder Scotts S.& E. Co.
Engine Type 2 x steam turbine & double reduction gearbox
Engine cylinders High and low press. with astern turbines.
Engine Power 160 shaft hp.
Propulsion mode Single screw
Speed 11.5 knots
Rigged Schooner.
Displacement 5,165 tons.
Deadweight 3,150 tons.
Bale capacity 163,520 cu.ft.
Block coefficient (Cb) 0.736
Power Steam.
Condenser cooling surface 1,600 sq.ft.
Boiler Main, circulating (scotch) with N.E.M. superheaters.
Boiler pressure 200 psi. 570 degrees Fahr.
Boiler dimensions (total) 17.75 ft.dia. 12.75 ft. long.
Heating Surface (total) 4,250 sq.ft.
Grate Area (total) 82.5 sq.ft.
Fuel Oil / Coal
Furnace 4
Furnace dimensions 3'9" dia.
Draught Forced.
Generator 1, steam recip.
Generator power 16 Kw.
Generator voltage 110 DC.
Propeller Right hand, 13.75 ft.dia. 13.0 ft. pitch.
Propeller blades 4
Propeller formation Solid.
Propeller material Bronze.
Built classification society B.O.T.
Keel laid Dec 28th. 1920.
Launched Aug 31st. 1921.
Original owner China Navigation Co.
Notes
Auxiliary boiler, Cochran verticle 7.5 ft dia. 16,25 ft. high. Workung Press. 100 psi. Heating surface 730 sq.ft. Grate area 31.5 sq.ft.

Emergency generator 3 Kw. steam recip.

History

April 14th. 1944. The "Fort Stikine" (Port Line) exploded while discharging 1,300 tons of TNT at Victoria Dock, Bombay. The first explosion occurred at 15.45 hrs. followed by a larger explosion at 16.06 hrs, 19 merchant ships were destroyed, the dock area destroyed and also a large area of the adjacent town. The "Kingyuan" was gutted by the ensuing fire. Three Indian naval ships were also sunk or seriously damaged. Altogether 251 ship's crew members died, 940 persons are known to have disappeared, some estimates put the total deaths at around 2,000.

The "Fort Stikine" had sailed from Britain with munitions, with a first call at Karachi, where she loaded baled raw cotton in the lower holds for Bombay. She was carrying munitions, including 1,200 tons of TNT, and lubricating oil in drums in the 'tweendecks and the raw cotton in bales was loaded in the lower hold at Karachi. At that time raw cotton was an unusual cargo for British ships and the ship's officers, whilst they were aware of the hazards of this stowage - oil and cotton must always be separated as any leakage of oil into the cotton will result in spontaneous combustion - were unable to find any written authority to support their concerns, so they were overruled. Consequently the ship was a floating time bomb. Fire was going to start in the cotton as soon as leakage from the oil drums got to it. At Bombay she was not permitted to fly flag B for fear of sabotage and arrangements for taking off the explosives at the DG anchorage were cancelled.

Extract from official log S.S. KINGYUAN

Date and hour of occurrence: 14.4.44., 16.00

Place of occurrence: B. Shed Prince’s Dock Bombay

Date of entry: 17.4.44.

Entries required by Act of Parliament:

Vessel berthed at B. Shed Prince’s Dock. The Master was ashore on ship’s business. 2nd Officer was also ashore. A vessel lying at No.1 berth Victoria Dock was noticed to have a fire on board at 14.30 and fire engines were in attendance. At or about 15.30 hoses were laid on deck, water on deck ordered in case of emergency. About 16.00 hrs. I noticed shore labour running along wharf and shouting, and a military man passed on a Motor Cycle, called out to take cover. Our native crew cleared down gangway along with shore labour. I notified all on deck to take cover and immediately afterwards a violent explosion occurred. When debris had cleared I went around and found our Engineers, 3rd Officer, 1st W/O, 11 Gunners and Carpenter all safe.

Our boats had caught fire, and all turned to, Engineers attending the Donkey Boiler and pumps, and these fires were soon under control. The godowns ashore were ablaze, and there was no escape that way. I ordered the 3rd Officer to get the Gunners to clear away the small working boat, ready for abandoning. About 16.45 a second violent explosion occurred and when falling debris had cleared it was noticed that all boats were wrecked and fires starting all over which were uncontrollable. Engineers were called out of Engine Room, W/O was found with hand injured, 3rd Officer could not be found also one Gunner. For’d port raft was cast adrift and all boarded except, Chief Engineer, 2nd Eng. 4th Eng. and myself. I noticed raft could not get away from ship’s side owing to strong wind, and made an attempt to swim to a lifeboat which was attached to another ship, but in the water. The 2nd Eng. noticed I could not get her adrift so came to my assistance and cut the painter, but finding no oars in the boat we just drifted. I swam towards raft which was in difficulties, but we managed to secure her alongside a small R.I.N. ship which was not on fire, and they were safe there. The lifeboat with 2nd Eng. drifted towards us and after securing it, we procured two oars from the raft, improvised rowlocks and made an attempt to go back to Kingyuan to pick up Chief and 4th Engineers who were hanging on to ropes at vessel’s side. Owing to strong wind and water flowing out of dock it was very difficult to get near; after several attempts, the Chief Engineer drifted down to us on a board and was picked up. The 4th Eng. made no attempt to let go. At about 20.00 hrs a naval rescue party arrived and took us off by way of the sea wall. We told them the 4th Engineer’s position and they returned later in the evening rescuing him.

All crew have been accounted for except 3rd Officer Mr B. Gunther, one Gunner Robb.

According to reports just received these two bodies have been seen, one on boat deck and one on poop but unrecognisably.

Ship’s papers in safe custody consist of:

Ships Register

Official Log Book

Articles.

Compass Certificate.

All other ship’s papers and naval documents were in ship’s safe in Captain’s room.

(Sd.)  G.T.M. Ramsay, Mate.                        (Sd.) F. Gibbs, Master. 

Service

Employed on the Swatow - Bangkok - Hong Kong service.

Events / Stories

Images